Besir Ceka (Davidson) and Pedro C. Magalhães (ICS), “Socioeconomic Status and Support for Liberal Democracy: A Cross-National Comparison”

To start out our 2017-2018 series of seminars, Pedro presented a paper on how the relationship between socioeconomic status and support for liberal democracy is modified by regime type.

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Ian P. McManus (ICS), “Political Parties as Drivers of Post-Crisis Social Spending Across Liberal Welfare States” (May 25th, 2017).

Ian presented his paper. Here’s the abstract:

“In the aftermath of the global economic crisis, the challenges facing welfare states are unprecedented. While government leaders have been in broad agreement that the severity of the recession called for decisive actions to limit the costs of the crisis, national responses have differed significantly. This article seeks to explain these divergent patterns and answer the critical question: how has the crisis affected the politics of social spending across liberal welfare states? This research tests the effects of political parties on social spending across nine liberal welfare states during the pre-crisis (1990-2007) and post-crisis (2008-2013) periods. It also provides in-depth analysis of the United States and the United Kingdom, two representative liberal welfare states who adopted highly dissimilar post-crisis social spending. The findings demonstrate that while political parties were not correlated with social spending during the pre-crisis period, after the global economic crisis they were significant in influencing social spending. This indicates an important shift in political dynamics across liberal welfare states over time that has not been accounted for by the existing literature.”

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Jorge M. Fernandes (ICS), Max Goplerud (Harvard) & Miguel Won (INESC-ID), “Legislative Bellwethers: The Role of Committee Membership in Parliamentary Debate” (May 18th, 2017).

Jorge presented this paper. Here’s the abstract:

“Legislative debate serves a number of crucial purposes for parties in parliamentary systems; debates are used to cultivate the party’s reputation, challenge its rivals, engage in coalition management, amongst many other tasks. However, it is not often noted that that doing this effectively tends to require detailed knowledge of particular policies that is costly to acquire. We extend the ‘informational’ perspective on committees to parliamentary systems to suggest that parties resolve this problem using committees. We contend that they assign members to committees to encourage them to acquire specific expertise that is then used in parliamentary debates to benefit the party as a whole. We further suggest that tensions between coalition partners increases the need to rely on experts. To test our theory, we rely on a novel method for assessing the context of legislative speech; we rely on a supervised learning method to map speeches onto committee jurisdictions using the text of bills as the training data. We apply this procedure to the Portuguese Parliament from 2000 to 2015, leveraging variation in the political environment as well as institutional features that lead to the parties being the predominant actors in political life.”

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Andrea Ruggeri (Oxford), “Data Visualisation” (April 20th, 2017)

Andrea is making a presentation on data visualisation. Here’s the abstract:

Why let them read your data if they can see them? Visualising data is a powerful strategy for creating reports and conveying clear messages to readers, but traditional social sciences training does not cover data visualisation. This workshop will introduce participants to the use of graphs to report and show description, variation and correlations of data. We will use graphical representation of effects, simulations and quantities of interests in order to report statistical results in a more straightforward way. As well as covering the basics of how to draw an effective figure or graph, we will also work on drawing maps and combining graphs. We will use R and Stata as software. At the end of the workshop participants will have a wide choice of graphs for use in their future research.

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Yani Kartalis (ICS), “Who breaks the ‘Spiral of Silence’? Users’ personality behind social networking ties of political expression in Spain” (6th April, 2017)

Yani presented a paper on political expression on social media. Here’s the abstract:

Studies have indicated the importance of Social Media in modern day politics. Participation in the online political deliberation process is becoming a vital part of forming and manipulating offline opinions and behaviors. Yet, little is known about what kind of people decide to participate and voice political opinions in online contexts. In this study, by creating a unique database through the use of a natural language processing approach, I demonstrate that the personality of the user plays a crucial role. Using Twitter’s API access methods I crawled the accounts of three different kinds of users, namely political science students, random users and politicians. Building on the existing literature on machine learning techniques, I used their social media textual footprints to identify personality effects on the decision to participate and express political views in Social Networking Sites. The results confirmed the relevance of personality and identified individual effects of each personality trait according to the Big 5 personality model. More importantly however, the study adds to the increasing number of scientific efforts that demonstrate the possibilities of automated data collection techniques as a valid tool for designing future research.

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Our 2016 publications

2016 was a pretty good year for our research group in terms of publications. Members of SPARC authored or co-authored:

  • 25 journal articles (including 16 in top 25% Scopus journals);
  • 20 chapters in edited volumes (including 11 in A-list publishers, including Routledge, Palgrave, Oxford University Press, Springer, Brill, or Peter Lang);
  • Three books and two special issues of journals.

Not bad… Here’s the full list:

Articles:

Aguiar- Conraria, L., Magalhães, P.C. & Vanberg, Christoph A. (2016). Experimental evidence that quorum rules discourage turnout and promote election boycotts. Experimental Economics, 19 (4), 886-909 (Published online 11 November 2015). doi 10.1007/s10683-015-9473-9. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25114

Costa-Lopes, R., Vala, J., Judd, C. M. (2016). Intergroup Relations and Fundamental Dimensions of Social Judgment. Psique. 12, 11-24. Link permanente: http://journals.ual.pt/psique/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Psique-XII-2016.pdf

Fernandes, J. M. & Magalhães , P. C. (2016). Government survival in semi-presidential regimes. European Journal of Political Research. Vol. 55. 1, pp. 61-80. Doi: 10.1111/1475-6765.12116 Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/22810

Frings, Daniel, Collins, Michael; Long, Gavin; Pinto, Isabel R.; Albery, Ian P. (2016). A test of the Social Identity Model of Cessation Maintenance: The content and role of social control, Addictive Behaviors Reports, 3, 77-85. doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2016.02.003. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26482

Hubé, N., Salgado, S. & Puustinen, L. (2016). The Euro Crisis’ Actors and their Roles: Politicization and Personalization of the Press Coverage [Les acteurs de la crise de l’euro et leurs rôles : politisation et personnalisation de la couverture médiatique]. Politique Européenne, 52, 84-113. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25088

Lavado, S., Pereira, C. R. Dovidio, J. F. & Vala, J. (2016). Evaluations of witnesses’ responses to bias: Universalism–Concern and the costs of confrontation. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 172-180. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.003. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23094

Leite, Ana C,. Pinto, Isabel R., Marques, Jose M. (2016). Do Ambiguous Normative Ingroup Members Increase Tolerance for Deviants? Swiss Journal of Psychology, 75 (1), 47-52. DOI: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000170. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26500

Levine, J. M., Marques, J. M. (2016). Norm violators as threats and opportunities: The many faces of deviance in groups [Introduction of Special issue: Deviance in Groups: Current Perspectives on Enduring Questions]. Group processes and intergroup relations, 19 (5), 545-552. DOI: 10.1177/1368430216657415. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26489

Lobo, M. C. (2016). Bringing the Past Back in: How Attitudes towards the Democratic Transition Influence the Portuguese Voter. South European Society and Politics, 21(2), 181-196. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2016.1144249 Link permanente http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24077

Lobo, M. C., Pinto, A. C. & Magalhães , P. C. (2016). Portuguese Democratisation 40 Years on: Its Meaning and Enduring Legacies [Introduction]. South European Society and Politics. Vol. 21. 2, pp. 163-180. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2016.1153490 Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24076

Magalhães, P. C. (2016). Economic evaluations, procedural fairness, and satisfaction with democracy. Political Research Quarterly, 69(3), 522-534. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24606

Magalhães, P. C. (2016). From ideology to performance: Austerity and government defection in the 2014 European Parliament elections. Electoral Studies, Vol. 44, p. 492–503. DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2016.04.015. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25809

Pereira, J. S. , Raimundo, F. & Pinto, A. C. (2016). An Ever-Shadowed Past? Citizens’ Attitudes towards the Dictatorship in Twenty-First Century Portugal. South European Society and Politics, 21(2), 197-210. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2015.1128667. Link permanente: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13608746.2015.1128667

Pereira, J. S. (2016). The Media as a Window on the Past? The Impact of Television and Newspaper Consumption on Knowledge of the Democratic Transition in Portugal. South European Society and Politics, 21(2), 227-242. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2015.1131449. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23444

Pereira, J. S. (2016). The Portuguese media system and the normative roles of the media: a comparative view. Análise Social, 221, LI (4.º), pp. 780-801. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25389

Pereira, J. S. (2016). The Portuguese National Election of 2015: From Austerity to the fall of the Portuguese «Berlin Wall». Pôle Sud, 44, p. 143-152. Link permanente:

Pinto, I. R., Marques, J. M. & Paez, D. (2016). National identification as a function of perceived social control: A subjective group dynamics analysis. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 19 (2), 236-256. doi: 10.1177/1368430215577225. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23428

Pinto, I. R., Marques, J. M. Levine, J. M. & Abrams, D. (2016). Membership role and subjective group dynamics: Impact on evaluative intragroup differentiation and commitment to prescriptive norms. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 19 (5), 570-590. doi: 10.1177/1368430216638531. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26266

Rego, R., Sprenger, W. , Kirov, V. , Thomson, G. & Di Nunzio, D. (2016). The use of new ICTs in trade union protests: five European cases. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 22(3), 315-329. doi: 10.1177/1024258916655761. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24325

Salgado, S. & Nienstedt, H.-W. (2016). Euro Crisis and plurality: Does the political orientation of newspapers determine the selection and spin of information? European Journal of Communication, V. 31, Nº 4, 462-478 doi:10.1177/0267323116659977. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24603

Sanches, E. (2016). O desenvolvimento dos sistemas partidários de Cabo Verde e São Tomé e Príncipe em perspetiva comparada (1991-2014). In Anuário de Direito de São Tomé e Príncipe (2015), pp. 121 – 146. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25347

Sanches, E. R. & Espírito-Santo, A. (2016). Cabeças de lista às eleições legislativas portuguesas: laços locais ou visibilidade nacional? Análise Social, Vol. LI (3.º) (n.º 220), pp. 658-683. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24806

Sanches, E. R. & Gorbunova, E. (2016). Portuguese Citizens’ Support for Democracy: 40 Years after the Carnation Revolution. South European Society and Politics, 21(2), 211-226. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2015.1130680. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23396

Santana Pereira, J. (2016). A esquerda radical no período pós 2009: nada de (muito) novo em Portugal? [The radical left in the post-2009 period: nothing (very) new in Portugal? Oficina do Historiador, 9(1), 58-77. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/2178-3748.2016.1.22961. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24314

Teymoori A, Jetten J, Bastian B, Ariyanto A, Autin F, Ayub N, et al. (2016) Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie. PLoS ONE 11(7). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158370. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24443

 

Books:

Pereira, J. S. (2016). Política e entretenimento. Lisboa: Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos. ISBN: 978-989-8819-30-7

Gunther, R., Beck, P. A., Magalhães, P. C. & Moreno, A. (2016). Voting in old and new democracies. New York & London: Routledge ISBN: 978-1-138-91332-5

Vala, J., Waldzus, S., Calheiros, M. M. (Eds) (2016). The social developmental construction of violence and intergroup conflict. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-42727-0. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-42727-0. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24758

 

Book chapters:

Ceka, B., & Magalhães, P.C. (2016). How People Understand Democracy: A Social Dominance Approach. In M. Ferrín, & H. Kriesi (Eds.), How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy (pp. 90-110) Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-876690-2. DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766902.003.0005.

Freire, A. & Pereira, J. S. (2016). More second-order than ever? : The 2014 european election in Portugal. In H. Schmitt & E. Teperoglou (Eds), The 2014 european parliament elections in Southern Europe : still second-order or critical contests?, pp. 95-116. London: Routledge. (Reprinted from South European Society and Politics, volume 20, issue 3, September 2015). ISBN 978-1-138-65689-5. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24670

Freire, A., Espírito Santo, A., & Silva, S.S. (2016).A representação descritiva de género no Parlamento faz diferença nas preferências políticas? O papel dos partidos políticos». In A. Freire, M. Lisi & J. M. L. Viegas (eds.), Representação e Participação Política na Europa em Crise (pp. 221-234). Lisboa: Assembleia da República. ISBN 978-972-556-632-9.

Gunther, R., Lobo, M. C., Bellucci, P. & Lisi, M. (2016). The changing determinants of the vote. In R. Gunther, P. A. Beck, P. C. Magalhães & A. Moreno (Eds.), Voting in old and new democracies, pp. 150-192. New York & London: Routledge ISBN: 978-1-138-91332-5. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/22270

Kretchmer, S. B., Correa, T., Rennie, E., Thomas, J., Robinson, L., Salgado, S.,… Yates S. J. (2016). The Digital Divide: Worldwide Challenges for Communication Across the Life Span in the Digital Age. In Nussbaum, J. F. (ed.) Communication Across the Life Span, pp. 123-148.  (ICA International Communication Association. Annual Conference Theme Book Series, Vol. 3) New York: Peter Lang. ISBN: 978-1-4331-3181-3. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26269

Leyens, J-P. & Vala, J. (2016). “Back to the Future:” Ideological Dimensions of Intergroup Relations. In J. Vala, S. Waldzus & M. M. Calheiros (Eds.), The Social Developmental Construction of Violence and Intergroup Conflict, pp. 85-104. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-42727-0. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24759

Lisi, M., & Santana-Pereira, J. (2016). Campaign individualisation before and after the Bailout: A comparison between Greece and Portugal. In A. Freire, M. Lisi, I. Andreadis & J. M. L. Viegas (eds.), Political Representation in Times of Bailout: Evidence from Greece and Portugal. (pp. 129-147). London: Routledge. (Reprinted from Special Issue: “Political Representation in Times of Bailout: Evidence from Greece and Portugal”. Guest Editors: André Freire, Marco Lisi, Ioannis Andreadis and José Manuel Leite Viegas, 2014, South European Society and Politics, 19(4)). ISBN: 9781138939028. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23517

Magalhães, P. C., Beck, P. A. Gunther, R. & Moreno, A. (2016). Introduction. In R. Gunther, P. A. Beck, P. C. Magalhães & A. Moreno (Eds.), Voting in old and new democracies, pp. 1-18. New York & London: Routledge ISBN: 978-1-138-91332-5

Magalhães, P. C., Segatti, P. & Shi, T. (2016). Mobilization, informal networks and the social contexts turnout. In R. Gunther, P. A. Beck, P. C. Magalhães & A. Moreno (Eds.), Voting in old and new democracies, pp. 64-98. New York & London: Routledge ISBN: 978-1-138-91332-5. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/22269

Miguel, L. F., Biroli, F. & Salgado, S. (2016). Meios de comunicação e política: evolução histórica e comparações entre Brasil e Portugal. In H. Prior, L. Guazina, B. Araújo (orgs.) Diálogos Lusófonos em Comunicação e Política (pp. 43-72). Covilhã: LabCom.IFP. ISBN 978-989-654-317-4 (pdf). Link permanente http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25086

Ramos, A., Brites, R. & Vala, J. (2016). Confiança nas instituições políticas em países europeus: o papel dos valores, da experiência democráticã e da perceção de eficácia do sistema político numa perspetiva multinível. F. L. Machado, A. N. de Almeida & A. F. da Costa (Eds.), Sociologia e sociedade: estudos de homenagem a João Ferreira de Almeida. (pp. 345-367). Lisboa: Mundos Sociais. ISBN: 978-989-8536-54-9. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24298

Ramos, A., Pereira, C. R., Vala, J. (2016). Economic crisis, human values and attitudes towards immigrants. M. Voicu, I. C. Mochmann & Hermann Dülmer (Eds.), Values, Economic Crisis and Democracy. (pp. 104-137) (Routledge Advances in Sociology). London & New York: Routledge. Taylor and Francis. ISBN: 978-1-138-95917-0. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/23394

Salgado, S. (2016). Political participation, alternative media and citizen journalism in lusophone Africa. In B. Mutsvairo (Ed.), Participatory politics and citizen journalism in a networked Africa: a connected continent (pp. 187-201). London: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-55449-9. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25033

Sanches, E. R. (2015). O regresso da Aliança Democrática:a nova coligação PSD/CDS -PP (2002). Marco Lisi (Eds.), As eleições legislativas no Portugal democrático (1975-2015). (pp. 211-226). Lisboa: Assembleia da República. ISBN: ISBN: 978-972-556-627-5

Sanches, E. R. (2016). Zambia. In J. Abbink, S. Elischer, R. Hofmeier, A. Mehler & H. Melber (Eds.), Africa yearbook. Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2015, Vol. 12. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN: 978-90-04-31478-8. doi 10.1163/9789004333239. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24930

Santana Pereira, J., & Lisi, M. (2016). Campanhas de partidos ou de candidatos? Individualização das campanhas eleitorais em diferentes cenários políticos e institucionais. In A. Freire, M. Lisi & J. M. L. Viegas (eds.), Representação e Participação Política na Europa em Crise (pp. 221-234). Lisboa: Assembleia da República. ISBN 978-972-556-632-9 . Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25217

Santana Pereira, J., & Lisi, M. (2016). Individualização das campanhas eleitorais antes e depois do resgate: uma comparação entre Grécia e Portugal. In A. Freire, M. Lisi & J. M. L. Viegas (eds.), Representação e Participação Política na Europa em Crise. (Coleção Parlamento), (pp. 55-74) Lisboa: Assembleia da República. ISBN 978-972-556-632-9. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25218

Santana Pereira, J., & Nina, S. R. (2016). A democracia nos media portugueses: Pluralismo político-partidário na imprensa e na televisão. In E. Bello & S. S. M. Ribeiro (eds.), Democracia e Meios de Comunicação: Pluralismo, Liberdade de Expressão e Informação (pp. 225-247). Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Juris. ISBN 978-85-8440-608-1. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/25233

Vala, J. & Costa-Lopes, R. (2016). Categorização social e fatores ideológicos na dinâmica das relações intergrupais. M. E. O. Lima (Eds.), Níveis de análise e formas de intervenção em psicologia social. (pp. 43-73). São Paulo: Scortecci. ISBN: 978-85-366-4614-5. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24304

Vala, J., Waldzus, S., Calheiros, M. M. (2016). Introduction and overview. In J. Vala, S. Waldzus & M. M. Calheiros (Eds), The social developmental construction of violence and intergroup conflict, xi-xviii. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-42727-0. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-42727-0. Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24758

 

Journal special issues:

Levine, JM; Marques, JM (Guest editors) (2016). Special issue: Deviance in Groups: Current Perspectives on Enduring Questions. Group processes and intergroup relations, 19 (5). Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/26489

Lobo, M. C. & Pinto, A. C. (Eds.). (2016). The Presence of the Past: Perceptions of Authoritarianism and Democratic Transition in Contemporary Portugal. South European Society and Politics. Vol. 21. (2). Link permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/24071