Sofia Serra da Silva “Parliamentary engagement with the public through information communication technologies and the internet”

Sofia present a paper on parliamentary engagement with the public through information communication technologies and the internet . Here’s the first paragraph:

“European parliaments are now expected to actively reach out to the public (Leston-Bandeira, 2016) and in fact, many have recently developed tools to support a deepening of public engagement with parliament via internet channels in particular (Hansard Society, 2011; IPU, 2012 Leston-Bandeira, 2013). However, scholarship focusing on the parliament-citizen relationship (Norton, 2005) is still rare, and although the use of information communication technologies (ICTs) by representatives is now well documented (Coleman 2001; Polat 2005; Auty 2005; Tenscher 2014), the study of how parliaments are using those mechanisms is still in its infancy. Furthermore, the few previous studies on the topic disclose some gaps: most of the analysis takes a public administration or democratic governance perspective, leaving out a parliamentary perspective. In addition, the literature focuses almost exclusively on the Anglo-Saxon and northern European countries, leaving out many other relevant cases (Leston-Bandeira and Ward, 2008).”

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REP – Representativeness of Social Partners and the Impact of Economic Governance

PI: Raquel Rego

Summary

The REP project aims to understand the conditions and implications of the representativeness of social partners in economic governance. In democratic societies, social partners play a fundamental regulatory role of the labour market, representativeness providing them legitimacy to be consulted and to negotiate. However, representativeness is enveloped in a puzzle and scarce research tends to restrict representativeness to a membership rate and to focus on one side of labour relations, trade unions. Assuming that representativeness is a multifaceted concept, the REP project will,  for the first time, combine membership representativeness with composition and opinion congruence between representatives and represented. Also, the REP project will focus on both trade unions and employers’ associations, having into account their different collective interests. In brief, the REP project intends to contribute to a more informed decision-making process, more transparent and trustful organisations, and fairer labour relations.

Ignacio Lago and Javier Astudillo “It’s not me, It’s you: The electoral effects of intra-party democracy”

Ignacio Lago presented his and Javier’s paper on electoral effects on intra-party democracy. Here’s the abstract:

“In this paper the foundations of existing research regarding the effects of intra-party democracy on candidates’ electoral strength are revisited. We argue that primary effects entail the interdependence of party procedures for candidate selection. The conventional use of a binary dummy capturing whether candidates are selected by primary or by other methods has two negative consequences. First, it leads to a biased estimate of the effect of primaries on candidate strength. Second, it does not reveal whether the mechanism accounting for the primary effect is related to the primary-selected candidates, to the candidates not selected by primary, or both at the same time. Using original aggregated data from seven parties and 282 regional elections in Canada, Germany and Spain, and individual data from 62 pre-election polls in Germany and Spain, we found no evidence that, other things equal, primary-selected candidates are stronger than those selected by other procedures. However, there is evidence of a penalty for those parties not selecting candidates by primary when the rival does, in particular when the primary elections are less divisive and the temporal proximity between the primary and the general election is closer.”IMG-20180525-WA0000