Susana Salgado “Populism from the perspective of politicians and journalists”

Susana Salgado present a paper about populism, as well as her overall project within which the paper was prepared.

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2018 Sparc ICS Retreat (6-7th April)

On 6 a 7th April, 15 Sparc members (Marina Costa Lobo, Pedro Magalhães, Jorge Vala, Rui Costa Lopes, Alice Ramos, Amilcar Moreira, Susana Salgado, Marta Vilar Rosales, Luís de Sousa , Ignacio Lago, Sofia Serra da Silva, Susana Coroado, Filipa Madeira, Joana Rebelo Morais and André Paris)  participated on first  2018 Sparc-ICS Retreat at Foz do Arelho.30264608_10215541091023137_8922034206494687232_n

The afternoon of 6th and the beginning of 7th were dedicated to present and discuss the PhD students work.

Filipa Madeira started the presentations on her research on “Medical Resources Decision Towards Low Status Groups: the Role of Meritocracy”

 

Sofia Serra da Silva presented about “ Twenty First Century Parliaments: How and Why European Parliaments are using Internet?”

 

Susana Coroado did a presentation on economic and political capture of independent regulatory agencies.

 

Joana Morais presented her PhD project  “From institutional design to voter mobilization: Three questions about the founding elections of the Portuguese democracy (1975)”

André Paris finished the presentations with his PhD project about “A Formação e Evolução da Direita Partidária em Portugal e Espanha (1974-2009): a transição faz a diferença?”

 

On the rest of 7th April day, the PhD program itself was discussed (how are things going, main weaknesses and problems, how can the program be improved, etc.)  as well the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Sparc.

João Cancela ““Not all politics is national: the determinants of engagement with local and national politics across Europe”

João presented a paper on the determinants of political discussion about local and national affairs in Europe. Here’s the abstract:

“Recent scholarship suggests that distinct processes might be at play behind political engagement towards different territorial levels. This paper examines and compares the determinants of political discussion about local and national affairs in Europe. Contrarily to what might be initially expected, there is a considerable portion of the population for whom local matters are more relevant in their political discussions than national affairs. A series of multilevel logit models are fitted to the data (n = 28,695 from 31 European countries) to test the individual and country level determinants of political discussion about local and national matters. At the individual level, we find that the type of community, the type of civil society organisations they integrate, and their level of education affect the type of politics they engage with. At the macro level, citizens from countries with a higher economic development are more likely to engage in discussions about national affairs, while the impact of local government autonomy does not make individuals more likely to engage in discussions about local politics. These findings suggest that the full range of democratic practice may remain underappreciated if non- national politics is left out of the picture in the study of political engagement.”

 

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Octavio Amorim Neto and Andrés Malamud “ Presidential Personality and Delegation to Foreign Ministries in Latin America: A Political Psychology Approach”

Andrés Malamud presented his and Octavio’s paper on presidential personality in Latin America. Here’s the first paragraph:

“In Amorim Neto and Malamud (2019), we defined and operationalized the concept a foreign ministry with high policy making capacity. Such a ministry is capable of insulating itself from the steering will of other government authorities, therefore being able to advance its own preferences on other state bureaucracies, and implement such preferences, while retaining internal and external legitimacy. To be more precise, we argue that three features compound a foreign ministry’s policymaking capacity: the professionalization of the diplomatic corps, ample institutional attributions, and extensive presidential delegation. The first feature is a necessary condition, the second and third features are substitutable: a foreign ministry can have its policymaking capacity heightened either by institutional attributions or by extensive presidential delegation.”

 

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Johannes Karremans “The polarization of the pro and anti-EU dimension: towards a conceptual and analytical framework”

Johannes presented a paper on  the concept of “polarization of the EU” which will be used in MAPLE project, as a component of the politicisation of the EU in newspapers, parliamentary debates and among citizens. Here’s the introduction paragraph:

“Recent elections across Europe have not only sanctioned important losses for traditional center-left parties (e.g. Parti Socialiste in France, PvdA in the Netherlands, Partito Democratico in Italy), but have also signaled an overall decline of the relevance of the traditional left-right divide in structuring national politics. These recent developments seem to confirm the growth of what Kriesi et al (2012; 2008) call the ‘integration/demarcation’ divide in national political spheres, whereby electoral competition is increasingly driven by the representation of the ‘winners’ versus the ‘losers’ of the opening-up of national borders. The most significant case in this regard has probably been the presidential election in France in 2017, where the final run-off featured a confrontation between a pro-European and a Eurosceptic candidate. These developments are, in our (MAPLE) view, indicative of the growing importance of the issue of European integration in national electoral campaigns.”

Round table discussion on the Italian Elections: “Esquerda/direita ou sistema/antisistema? As fracturas no sistema político italiano à luz dos resultados das eleições políticas de 4 de Março”

Round-table discussion on the Italian elections with 4 Italian researchers:

Ana Rita Gori (ICS), Giuseppe Ballacci (UMinho), Goffredo Adinolfi (ISCTE), Riccardo Marchi (ISCTE), Simone Tulumello (ICS).

Chair: Pedro Magalhães (ICS)

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